FMM Glossary of Terms

Dear Ones,

As our FMM family grows and spreads across the world, we’ve realized there may be a need to offer some ‘helps’ or explanations for certain phrases or terms that would be unfamiliar to some of our brothers and sisters in other countries.  With that in mind, we would like to begin a “Wiki” type resource page.  We’ll begin with a few terms that come to mind and then add new posts as we get questions or inquiries from the family.  These won’t be in depth teachings, they will simply be hints, tips, helps, or brief explanations to understand some of the more unfamiliar terminology you may come across in the teachings that are posted.  Please feel free to send questions and we’ll continue to build our glossary in that way,

Your sister, Nancy

P.S. As we add terminology in this section, there will be times that what will be posted here is a small ‘snapshot’ of a much bigger concept.  When that happens, look for ** notations.  It will serve you well to read the “see also” additional material in order to more fully flesh out the important concepts that we’re trying to convey.  We’ll use this method in order to make it possible to give a clear and comprehensive teaching while maintaining the Glossary section as more of a ‘quick hit’ reference resource. 


ADAM – FIRST ADAM/ LAST ADAM – Refers to the human Adam created in Genesis 1 and the uncreated God-made-flesh Adam accomplished in and through Yeshua’s incarnation. Because God always works from within a covenantal matrix, He operates with all humans through their Covenant Representatives/Covenant Substitutes. All humans are all born under the coverage of the First Adam who violated his covenant with God. That brought him and everyone he represented under the automatic covenantal death penalty. We are born again when we truly switch our allegiance from the First Adam to the Second Adam, Yeshua. Yeshua becomes our Head when we come under His Authority. Then we are under the blood covenant atonement covering of the perfect sacrifice He offered to God in our name and on our behalf.

ADAT or AHTZ -A shortened version of the full name “Adat HaTikvat Tzion” which in English means The Hope of Zion Congregation, our home for worship and fellowship.  It’s comprised of “Jewtiles” (Jews and gentiles) who love and exalt Yeshua while loving and choosing to live in submission to God’s Torah as well.  At the right of our FMM home page, you’ll find a link to the Adat website where you can learn more about your ancestors in faith.  Adat is what we call ourselves here at home; AHTZ is how we’ve often seen ourselves referenced in the family emails we receive.

ARENA OF TESTIMONY – picture a football or soccer stadium.  The players (Disciples) are suited up and on the field, either actively playing or waiting to be called in from the bench.  Their focus is on what’s happening there on the field; they’re not paying attention to what happens in the stands.  On the other hand, the spectators are in the bleachers.  They’re watching or chatting or wandering to the concession stands or restrooms.  The spectators can come and go, pay attention to the game or not.  It’s only the players who are committed and involved.  That’s a picture of the difference between a Disciple and what we’ve referred to as ‘bleacher dwellers.’  [Side note: Pastor Kyle Idleman in his book, Not a Fan, uses a similar analogy.  He contrasts Fans (enthusiastic admirers) and Followers (disciples).]

BOOT CAMP – think military.  Anyone who’s been through boot camp knows that it’s grueling but it accomplishes what it needs to do.  People begin as self centered, me first individuals, ‘sloppy civilians,’ and end up as one thoroughly prepared, battle ready and well oiled company (one body, many members).  Disciples must also be changed in this same way as we learn to live crucified in order to let the Spirit of God unite us under His Head.  Once we’ve said, “Yes!” to the Lord, we are His and no longer our own.  Our civilian days are over.  We’re in the Army of the Lord, He alone calls the shots, and we become one in Him.

COVENANT EYES – As our eyes become more focused in and around the reality of God’s Blood Covenant Pattern, our sight becomes more clearly focused on that Covenant and all that it means in terms of our oneness with God, and with each other, for God’s sake. For example, if “A” is in covenant with “B” and “B” is in covenant with “C” – then “A” is also in covenant with “C” for “B”‘s sake.

DECAPITATED & TWO HUMAN RACES – back to Genesis when God warned our first parents that they would surely die if they ate of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.  They ate.  And they died.  Thereafter, sin was in all human spiritual DNA and we as a race were cut off from our Head, hence decapitated.  Yes, we still had physical life but our capacity for Spiritual one-with-God Life was gone.  It’s only after repentance and yielding to our King and Savior that the dead part of us is revived because we become connected once again to Yeshua, our Head.  The two races have different values, different desires, different cultures and different eternal destinations.  And we must choose which race gets the allegiance of our hearts.

GARDENING, GARDENER EYES  – This concept is a simple one – we recognize the power of seeds and use that to our advantage.  Seeds always reproduce after their own kind; they reproduce WHAT was planted, WHERE it was planted, LATER than it was planted, and always, MORE than what was planted. This is true when we sow it into our lives and in the lives of others.   (See also Raw Material and Q&A Renewing our Minds series)

HELLENISM – the type of character of the ancient Greeks, who aimed at culture and the principles and ideals of classical Greek civilization as the chief elements in human well-being and perfection.  Humanism (the belief centered on man at the center rather than God) began with this philosophy.

MENTAL CONCRETE   –  ­ If you can picture the difference between a paved parking lot and a prepared farm field, you will get the idea we’re trying to get across.  Mental concrete keeps the seed of God’s Word from penetrating the soil of our hearts and bearing His fruit.  Therefore, whenever we recognize we have outdated and unhealthy thought patterns or belief systems that stand in the way of our Blood-bought freedom, mature growth and fruitfulness, it’s time to begin to ruthlessly jackhammer that concrete with the powerful Truths in the Word of God until our false idea filled ‘parking lots’ are demolished and cleared away from our ‘fields.’  Then we can prepare the fields to receive deeply the seed of God’s Word. It is our job to cooperate with the Holy Spirit and seed our minds, hearts, wills and lives with God’s perfect seed – the indwelling Life of Yeshua, our indwelling Head and Lord and Master.

MENTAL EYEGLASSES – think filters.  Just like the corrective lenses in normal eyeglasses change how we see, so mental eyeglasses change how we see in our heart of hearts.  If those eyeglasses are not Covenant-centered and focused on the Truth of God’s Word, they will skew how we see and perceive life and relationships.  And because we begin in a fallen, decapitated state, we must ‘change lenses’ when we choose to walk in Truth because the first lenses will be incompatible to provide Yeshua-centered vision.

POLARITY – think Cain and Abel.  This concept has to do with direction.  Which direction does it come from, and to which direction is it headed?  Common forms of religious teaching have a man-to-God polarity; we’re encouraged to seek Him, praise Him, bring offerings to Him.  But they always originate from us – from fallen humanity, which taints it.  When we see the reality of God’s Eternal Blood Covenant and the Perfect Finished work of His only begotten Son, however, our polarity becomes God-to-us.  We know that He alone is the source, the only Source, of all that is good, godly and eternal.  He initiates, He provides; our role is as grateful recipients and sharers.

RAW MATERIAL  – ­Think in terms of factories… how do things look when the manufacturing process first begins? Do they not enter as ‘raw material?’ They do not at all look as they will when they become the ‘finished product.’  So is it with us and our lives and circumstances and the challenges we encounter.  When things first appear on our mental ‘radar’ we need to recognize them for what they are: ‘raw material’… not the finished product. Nothing is finished until God… and we, who are to serve as His image and likeness, add our responses to the ‘raw material.’ And that is why it is vital that we learn to be master gardeners of ourselves, each other, and the rest of God’s beautiful Creation (see also Gardening, Gardener Eyes).

SERPENT’S LIE – think fishing.  We know from Scripture that he is the father of lies (plural).  But the Lie, the foundational lie of all lies, the one from which all others begin is like a three-pronged hook.  It’s the one that caught Eve and Adam.  It tells gullible humans that 1) you’re not good enough, 2) but you could be good enough, because 3) you could be as God.  It casts doubt about the goodness and character of God.  If one of the prongs doesn’t get us the others can.  Any or all of these prongs cause great heartache and dysfunction in our lives and relationships.  The Answer, of course, is the One who is Truth Himself, Yeshua!

TANACH – an acronym for the books of the Bible found in what Christians know as the Old Testament and Jews know as ‘the Scriptures.’ It comes from the Hebrew letters Tav (ת), Nun (ן), and Chet (כ). Those letters represent these words: Torah (The first five books of Moses), Neviim (the Prophets), and Ketuvim (the Writings). The Tanach and the Old Testament contain the same 39 books; but they are arranged differently. A Tanach will also show the full Hebrew text on the right page opposite the English translation on the left.

TITANIC – using the word picture of the ill fated ocean liner sunk after hitting an iceberg on its maiden voyage in 1912, we use the name to help us see the hopelessness of human life apart from Yeshua, our Head, Lord and Master, Savior and Redeemer.  The survivors from the actual 1912 ocean liner only made it by getting off the ship, and we disciples will also only make our escape from Death to Life by abandoning the ‘ship’ of self life and lies.  Yeshua Himself is our way of escape and trusting in His Perfect Finished Work on our behalf is where we find rest and safety.

TOXIC SHAME – A habitual corrosive viewpoint and corresponding set of thought and reaction patterns that come from our fallen flesh, our homes of origin, and our cultures. If they are not corrected and aligned with God’s revealed Truth, they cause massive spiritual blindness, destructive relational interactions and life-aborting addictions.

THE WALL OF PARTITION – In the second temple of Israel built by King Cyrus and later more extensively by King Herod, there was an inner portion that was called ‘The Sanctuary’ and there was an outer portion called ‘The Court of the Gentiles’. Within the Sanctuary there was the holiest place, a small square enclosure that was called ‘the Holy of holies’. Only the high priest of Israel was allowed to enter it. He did that once a year, when he performed his prescribed ritual service on the Feast of Atonement. Outside the Holy of holies was the Court of the Priests. There the Levitical priests performed their various duties connected with Israel’s worship of the Lord. And next to the Court of the Priests was the Men’s Court. And beyond that was the Court of the Women. These courts were within the massive temple walls and only Jewish people were allowed to enter their respective courts for temple service and worship.

Beyond the walls of the temple proper, there were steps descending to an enormous lower outer court which was called ‘The Court of the Gentiles.’ This outer area was open to all Jews and also to any Gentiles who observed the proper decorum and who wished to pray or offer gifts to the God of Israel.

About halfway down the stairs that descended from the wall to the Court of the Women and led down to the surrounding Court of the Gentiles, there was a marble screen, a wall about four and a half feet high that served as a partition that separated the Jewish and Gentile sections of the temple. Placed at intervals along that partition were signs in Latin and Greek warning Gentiles that they were not to pass beyond that point, under pain of death.

So this physical wall became symbolic of the strict spiritual, mental and emotional separation that Jews and Gentiles have always observed in relation to each other. And this is what became such a sensitive and volatile source of trouble for all of the first century Messianic Jews who began to proclaim that Yeshua of Nazareth was the long-awaited Messiah of Israel, and that, even though He had been crucified and executed… Almighty God had raised Him from the dead! This was incredibly offensive to unbelieving Jews, not to mention the rest of the world. Yet, Yeshua’s apostles and disciples continued to teach that Yeshua was the Living Word of God who became flesh! And they said He represented mankind in the New Covenant that God had made with Israel. And they claimed that whoever believed in Him and obeyed His words, whether they were Jewish or Gentile, would be spiritually regenerated, cleansed of all Sin, freed from the clutches of the powers of Darkness, and grafted into the New Covenant spiritual Commonwealth of Israel! This is what the apostle Paul articulated with these words:

 “Therefore remember that formerly you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called “Uncircumcision” by the so-called “Circumcision,” which is performed in the flesh by human hands— remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, excluded from the Commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the Covenants of Promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, so that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. (Ephesians 2:11-16 Emphasis added.)

So the apostolic teaching claimed that there should be no longer be any separation between Messianic Jewish disciples, and non-Jewish disciples. They taught that being baptized into their Messiah’s Death and being regenerated by the Holy Spirit made them all brand new spiritual creations and they were, therefore, all sons of God and members of His New Covenant Family.

“Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith. But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s descendants, heirs according to promise. (Galatians 3:24-29 Emphasis added.)

And in his letter to the Roman congregation, Paul was warning all New Covenant non-Jewish disciples against rebuilding that wall that our Messiah’s death destroyed, by entertaining attitudes and lifestyles that would perpetuate the ancient animosity and separatism and sense of opposition. And these are the issues to which we are referring in our meditations, when we use the term, ‘The Wall of Partition’ or ‘The Wall of Separation’.